Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. .. life and teachings of the Buddha to those who are interested in .. than those under whom he chose to learn. come along to experience this particular Buddhist practice. The Buddha was born an ordinary human being - .. So we have now covered some of the basic. Buddhism is divided into two main branches, Theravada and Mahayana. Theravada Buddhism is BASIC RELIGIOUS OBSERVANCE: Buddhist practice .
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making the Buddha's teachings on enlightenment easy to understand and to put into we have to be born human beings who can learn the Buddha's teachings. Buddhism for niribopaca.ml Buddhism For Beginners, Meditation For Beginners, Buddha Meditation,. Visit. Discover ideas about Buddhism For Beginners. In this new edition of the bestselling Introduction to Buddhism, Peter An introduction to Buddhism: teachings, history and practices / Peter Harvey. – Second.
Buddhism does not deny the existence of gods or of other worlds, and indeed the devotional practices of many Buddhist traditions involve the veneration and invocation of special beings. Buddhism is a non-theistic religion, and unlike other world religions, Buddhism is not a doctrine of revelation. The Buddha did not claim to be the bearer of a message from high. He made it clear that whatever he taught, he had discovered for himself through his own efforts. Dear reader, it is my intentions for this book to be a gift that has the ability to evolve you in your understanding.
It is my first attempt at reflecting my The origins of the universe, and even time itself, have long been considered mysteries. Most books about time and the universe ignore the Bible, even though i The Tree of Life is now available.
This story follows the quest of Christian to the Celestial City. Filled with metaphorical monsters suc Then he decides what the cure is.
Finally he prescribes the medicine or gives the treatment that will make the patient well again. The Four Noble Truths 1. There is Suffering Suffering is common to all.
Cause of Suffering We are the cause of our suffering. End of Suffering Stop doing what causes suffering. Path to end Suffering Everyone can be enlightened. Suffering: Everyone suffers from these thing Birth- When we are born, we cry. Sickness- When we are sick, we are miserable.
Old age- When old, we will have ache and pains and find it hard to get around. Death- None of us wants to die. We feel deep sorrow when someone dies. Other things we suffer from are: Being with those we dislike, Being apart from those we love, Not getting what we want, All kinds of problems and disappointments that are unavoidable. The Buddha did not deny that there is happiness in life, but he pointed out it does not last forever. Eventually everyone meets with some kind of suffering.
He said: "There is happiness in life, happiness in friendship, happiness in a healthy body and mind, The cause of suffering The Buddha explained that people live in a sea of suffering because of ignorance and greed.
They are ignorant of the law of karma and are greedy for the wrong kind of pleasures. They do things that are harmful to their bodies and peace of mind, so they can not be satisfied or enjoy life. For example, once children have had a taste of candy, they want more. When they can't have it, they get upset. Even if children get all the candy they want, they soon get tired of it and want something else. Although, they get a stomach-ache from eating too much candy, they still want more.
The things people want most cause them the most suffering. Of course, there are basic things that all people should have, like adequate food, shelter, and clothing. Everyone deserve a good home, loving parents, and good friends.
They should enjoy life and cherish their possessions without becoming greedy. The end of suffering To end suffering, one must cut off greed and ignorance. This means changing one's views and living in a more natural and peaceful way.
It is like blowing out a candle. The flame of suffering is put out for good. Buddhists call the state in which all suffering is ended Nirvana. Nirvana is an everlasting state of great joy and peace. The Buddha said, "The extinction of desire is Nirvana. Everyone can realize it with the help of the Buddha's teachings.
It can be experienced in this very life. The path to the end of suffering: The path to end suffering is known as the Noble Eightfold Path. It is also known as the Middle Way. He chose the beautiful symbol of the wheel with its eight spokes to represent the Noble Eightfold Path. The Buddha's teaching goes round and round like a great wheel that never stops, leading to the central point of the wheel, the only point which is fixed, Nirvana. The eight spokes on the wheel represent the eight parts of the Noble Eightfold Path.
Just as every spoke is needed for the wheel to keep turning, we need to follow each step of the path. Right View. The right way to think about life is to see the world through the eyes of the Buddha--with wisdom and compassion. Right Thought. We are what we think. Clear and kind thoughts build good, strong characters. Right Speech. By speaking kind and helpful words, we are respected and trusted by everyone.
Right Conduct. No matter what we say, others know us from the way we behave. Before we criticize others, we should first see what we do ourselves. Right Livelihood. This means choosing a job that does not hurt others.
Buddhism: Basic Beliefs and Practices
The Buddha said, "Do not earn your living by harming others. Do not seek happiness by making others unhappy. Right Effort. A worthwhile life means doing our best at all times and having good will toward others. This also means not wasting effort on things that harm ourselves and others.
Right Mindfulness. This means being aware of our thoughts, words, and deeds. Right Concentration. Focus on one thought or object at a time. By doing this, we can be quiet and attain true peace of mind. Following the Noble Eightfold Path can be compared to cultivating a garden, but in Buddhism one cultivates one's wisdom. The mind is the ground and thoughts are seeds. Deeds are ways one cares for the garden.
Our faults are weeds. Pulling them out is like weeding a garden. The harvest is real and lasting happiness. An ancient story explains this well. Once a very old king went to see an old hermit who lived in a bird's nest in the top of a tree, "What is the most important Buddhist teaching?
Purify your heart. He protested, "But even a five-year old child can understand that!
If a person wants to become Buddhists take refuge in and rely on the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. These are known as the Triple Jewel.
The Sangha are the monks and nuns. They live in monasteries and carry on the Buddha's teaching. The word Sangha means 'harmonious community'.
The Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha together possess qualities that are precious like jewels and can lead one to enlightenment. A refuge is a place to go for safety and protection, like a shelter in a storm.
Taking refuge does not mean running away from life. It means living life in a fuller, truer way.
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Taking refuge is also like a man traveling for the first time to a distant city. He will need a guide to show him which path to follow and some traveling companions to help him along the way. The Buddha is the guide. The Dharma is the path. The Sangha are the teachers or companions along the way. There is a special ceremony for taking refuge with the Triple Jewel. With a sincere mind, one recites the following verse in front of an ordained monk or nun.
I go to the Buddha for refuge. I go to the Dharma for refuge. I go to the Sangha for refuge. For a Buddhist, taking refuge is the first step on the path to enlightenment.
[PDF Download] Buddhism: An Introduction and Guide (Pelican) [PDF] Full Ebook
Even if enlightenment is not achieved in this life, one has a better chance to become enlightened in a future life. One who take the precepts is called a lay person.
In Buddhism, the most important rules are the Five Precepts. These have been passed down from the Buddha himself. They have the right to live the same as we do. Killing ants and mosquitoes is also breaking this precept. We should have an attitude of loving-kindness towards all beings, wishing them to be happy and free from harm. Taking care of the earth, its rivers and air is included. One way that many Buddhists follow this precept is by being vegetarian. No stealing If we steal from another, we steal from ourselves.
Instead, we should learn to give and take care of things that belong to our family, to the school, or to the public. No sexual misconduct Proper conduct shows respect for oneself and others. Our bodies are gifts from our parents, so we should protect them from harm. Young people should especially keep their natures pure and develop their virtue.
It is up to them to make the world a better place to live. In happy families, the husband and wife both respect each other.
No lying Being honest brings peace into the world. When there is a misunderstanding, the best thing is to talk it over. This precept includes no gossip, no back-biting, no harsh words and no idle speech. No intoxicants The fifth precept is based on keeping a clear mind and a healthy body. One day, when the Buddha was speaking the Dharma for the assembly, a young drunkard staggered into the room.
He tripped over some monks who were sitting on the floor and started cursing loudly. His breath reeked of alcohol and filled the air with a sickening stench. Mumbling to himself, he reeled out the door. Everyone was astonished at his rude behavior, but the Buddha remained calm. He will certainly lose his wealth and good name. His body will grow weak and sickly. Day and night, he will quarrel with his family and friends until they abandon him.
The worst thing is that he will lose his wisdom and become stupid. If one sometimes forgets them, one can start all over again. Following the precepts is a lifetime job. If one kills or hurts someone's feelings by mistake, that is breaking the precepts, but it was not done on purpose.
When one dies, one's consciousness leaves and enters one of the six paths of rebirth.
Heavenly Beings Humans Asuras are beings who have many good things in life, but still like to fight. They appear in the heavens or on earth as people or animals. Hungry ghosts are beings who suffer from constant hunger.
Hell-beings These are the six states on the wheel of life. At the top are the heavens, where everyone is happy. Below are the hells where the suffering is unbearable. Beings can rise or fall from one path to another. If one does good deeds, one will be born into the paths of gods, humans, or asuras. If one does evil deeds, one will be born into the paths of animals, hungry ghosts, or hell-beings.
From one life to the next one can suddenly change from an human to an animal or from a ghost to a hell-being, according to the things one has done. How to Escape the Turning Wheel The wheel of life and death is kept turning by the three poisons of greed, hatred, and stupidity. By cutting off the three poisons, we can escape the wheel and become enlightened.
There are four stages of enlightenment. Buddhas- perfect in enlightenment. Bodhisattvas- enlighten themselves as well as others. Pratyekabuddhas- hermits who retreat from the world to enlighten themselves.
Arhats- enlighten themselves. Westerners, however, may be shocked at the idea of anyone leaving their family to become a monk or nun. They may think this is selfish and turning one's back on the world. In fact, monks and nuns are not selfish at all. They dedicate themselves to helping others. They don't wish to own a lot of things, or to have money or power. They give these things up to gain something far more valuable--spiritual freedom. By living a pure simple life with others on the same path, they are able to lessen their greed, hatred, and ignorance.
Although monks and nuns live in a monastery, they do not entirely give up their families.
They are allowed to visit and take care of them when they are ill. Long before daybreak, they attend morning ceremony and chant praises to the Buddha. The ceremonies lift one's spirit and bring about harmony.
Although the Sangha lead simple lives, they have many responsibilities to fulfill. Everyone works diligently and is content with his or her duties. During the day, some monks and nuns go about teaching in schools or speaking the Buddha's teachings.
Others may revise and translate Buddhist Sutras and books, make Buddha images, take care of the temple and gardens, prepare for ceremonies, give advice to laypeople, and care for the elders and those who are sick.
The day ends with a final evening ceremony. In the daily life of work and religious practice, the monks and nuns conduct them-selves properly and are highly respected. By leading a pure, simple life, they gain extraorinary insight into the nature of things. Although their life is hard and rigorous, the results are worth it. It also keeps them healthy and energetic.
The laity, who live in the temple or visits, follows the same schedule as the Sangha and works along with them. While most people spend lots of time and money on their hair, Buddhist monks and nuns shave their heads. They are no longer concerned with outward beauty, but with developing their spiritual lives. The shaven head is a reminder that the monks and nuns have renounced the home life and are a part of the Sangha. Offering food to monks and nuns is a part of Buddhism.
In Asia, it is not unusual to see monks walking towards the villages early in the morning carrying their offering bowls. They do not beg for food, but accept whatever is offered.
This practice not only helps the monks and nuns to be humble, but gives laypeople an opportunity to give. In some countries laypeople go to the monastery to make offerings. The robes of monks and nuns are simple and made from cotton or linen. Their color varies according to different countries.
For instance, yellow robes are mostly worn in Thailand, while black robes are worn in Japan.
In China and Korea, gray and brown robes are worn for work, while more elaborate robes are used for ceremonies. Dark red robes are worn in Tibet. Robes and offering bowls are very important to monks and nuns. The Buddha said, "Just as a bird takes its wings with it wherever it flies, so the monk takes his robes and bowl with him wherever he goes.
They build the temples and monasteries and give offerings of food, robes, bedding, and medicine to the monks and nuns. This enables the Sangha to carry on the Buddha's work.
In this way the Sangha and laity benefit each other and together keep the Dharma alive. In Buddhism, it is also important to support the poor and needy.
Giving to support religious people, however, is considered a very meritorious deed. The Buddha not only encouraged giving to Buddhists, but to any spiritual person who is sincere.
The Buddha taught his disciples to be tolerant of other religions. For example, when one lights a candle from the flame of another candle, the flame of the first candle does not lose its light.
Instead, the two lights glow more brightly together. It is the same with the great religions of the world. Whether one is a member of the Sangha or a lay person, the ideal is to practice Buddhism for the sake of all. Today, there are two main schools of Buddhism: Theravada and Mahayana.
Theravada means 'the teaching of the Elders'. Theravada monks follow the practices that have been passed down by the senior monks from the Buddha's time, such as living in the forests and meditating.
The goal in Theravada Buddhism is to become an Arhat, a person who is free of suffering.
Mahayana stresses following the Buddha's example of going out into the world and doing good. Mahayana means 'Great Vehicle'.May his dreams come true. Thus, neither undeserved pleasure nor unwarranted suffering exists in the world, but rather a universal justice.
Right Livelihood. If you think of the deluded perceptions generated by these patterns as yours, or as just the way you are, it will be extremely dificult to see through them. The things people want most cause them the most suffering. Even if enlightenment is not achieved in this life, one has a better chance to become enlightened in a future life. His father was King Suddhodana and his mother was Queen Maya. Right Effort. A young monk who is our guide explains to us.